Wednesday, January 18, 2012

LBD:SAN - Landforms

The students at Sanders-Clyde have been studying landforms in Mr. Gregory's class, so we took the opportunity to re-use another lesson and teach the students how we as architects take landforms into consideration during the design process.

The lesson began with a brief review of what landforms are, as well as images of homes & buildings built in regards to various landforms, including the desert, the beach or marsh, a cliff, a hill or berm, a mountain, and the arctic. Each of these landforms was presented through images, along with design elements that are unique to the setting the building is in.

The Desert
In the desert, wide overhangs are used to protect from the hot sun. Due to the dry climate, flat roofs are implemented, since they do not have to shed rain. And thick walls absorb daytime heat for cold nights.

The Beach or Marsh
At the beach, buildings are on stilts to protect from flooding, raised for views to the ocean, and the space below the home provides storage or shelter.

A Cliff
A cliff provides natural shelter above. The raised platform provides good views and difficult access, making the area easy to defend. The Native Americans who lived in these communities would use the land above to plant crops, taking advantage of the full sun.

A Hill or Berm
A hill or berm can provide a space for architecture to fit into the land, providing views over the structure. Outdoor space provides a balance to what may be a dark interior space. The land also provides thermal insulation as well, keeping the house cool in the warmer months and warm in the cooler months.

A Mountain
When designing on a mountain, it is best to provide peaked roofs to shed snow and rain. Building with local materials is a way to cut down on labor and cost, and the stacked shape that mimics the slope provides for views of and from the mountains.

The Arctic
Thick, well-insulated walls and windows are a much needed design requirement in the arctic. Again using local materials that absorb the sun are also helpful. Building low, compact forms allows resistance to wind and are easily heated.

Once the presentation was complete, the students were tasked with designing a school. They were split into four groups, and each group was assigned a specific landform. Once they had discussed and sketched their ideas, they presented their drawings to the class. Here are a few photos from the lesson...

The Desert
The Beach
The Mountains
The Arctic

1 comment:

  1. Thanks to Brian for updating the previous lesson, as well as presenting it to the class! Good job, Brian!